Hapkido is a highly eclectic Korean Martial art. It is a form of self defense that employs joint locks, grappling and throwing techniques of other martial arts as well as kicks, punches and other striking attacks. There is also use of traditional weapons including knife, sword, rope, jool bong, cane, short stick & middle length staff which vary in emphasis depending on the particular tradition examined.
The character ‘Hap‘ means co-ordination or joining ‘Ki’ means internal energy, spirit , strength or power and ‘Do’ means the way of doing it.
Hapkido contains both long and close range fighting techniques utilizing jumping kicks & hand strikes at longer ranges & pressure point strikes, joint locks or throws at closer fighting distances. It emphasizes circular motion, redirection of force and control of opponent. Practitioners seek to gain advantage through footwork & body position to incorporate the use of beverage, avoiding the use of strength against strength.
The birth of modern Hapkido can be traced to the efforts of a group of Korean Nations in the past Japanese colonials period of Korea, Choi yoong sool(1904-1986).